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Sunday, April 26, 2020 | History

3 edition of Improvement of Quality Traits of Maize for Grain and Silage Use (World Crops: Production, Utilization and Description) found in the catalog.

Improvement of Quality Traits of Maize for Grain and Silage Use (World Crops: Production, Utilization and Description)

  • 328 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by Springer .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Plant reproduction & propagation,
  • Technology & Industrial Arts,
  • Agriculture - Agronomy,
  • Life Sciences - Botany,
  • Congresses,
  • Corn,
  • Science / Botany,
  • Science-Life Sciences - Botany

  • Edition Notes

    ContributionsW.G. Pollmer (Editor), R.H. Phipps (Editor)
    The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages520
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL9087603M
    ISBN 109024722896
    ISBN 109789024722891

    Maize (/ m eɪ z / MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taino: mahiz), also known as corn, is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico ab years ago. The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are : Tracheophytes. • Crops applied to: sorghum and pearl millet, maize, groundnut • Forages applied to: Napier, short duration, water-use efficient single and multi-sorghum and pearl millet forage cultivars • Promising results in maize, by conventional and molecular breeding) • Potentially high impact, multi- traits can be targetedFile Size: KB.


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Improvement of Quality Traits of Maize for Grain and Silage Use (World Crops: Production, Utilization and Description) Download PDF EPUB FB2

Improvement of Quality Traits of Maize for Grain and Silage Use. Editors: Pollmer, W.G., Phipps, R.H. (Eds.). Improvement of quality traits of maize for grain and silage use. This publication contains the following contributions on nitrogen fertilizing and nitrogen uptake: Response of high protein and conventional maize hybrids to different levels of nitrogen fertilisation.

It has been investigated in the paper whether the use of selected lactobacilli strains in silage inoculants could improve the quality of maize grain silage.

Five strains of Lactobacillus genus were examined in many combinations in order to evaluate its synergistic action. The issues to be evaluated were as follows: improvement in aerobic stability, advantageous metabolic profile of silages as well as improvement Cited by: 6.

Improvement of quality traits of maize for grain and silage use: a seminar in the EEC Programme of Coordination of Research on Plant Protein Improvement held at Schwäbisch Hall, Federal Republic of Germany, November December 1, dry matter. Good silage maize hybrids are considered to have the same quality traits as grain maize hybrids.

Many farmers still choose hybrids based on the grain yield, but this is not related to silage quality. Silage maize hybrids are certified based on fresh and dry matter yield and the proportion of the ear. The mixes with 50% inclusion of grain soyabean, forage soyabean, Table 2 Nutritive values on a dry matter basis of mixed crop silages Type of silage CP Digestibilityb NDF MADF ME` (g kg-1 DM) (%) (g kg-1 DM) (g kg-1 DM) (MJ kg-1) Control maize 77 Legume component' Soyabean (grain) Soyabean (forage) 59 Cited by: Abstract.

Forage quality depends on the digestibility of fodder, and can be directly measured by the intake and metabolic conversion in animal trials. However, animal trials are time-consuming, laborious, and thus expensive.

It is not possible to study thousands of plant genotypes, as required in breeding : Thomas Lübberstedt. A note on suitable laboratory stover quality traits for multidimensional maize improvement Book January with 89 Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Harvest the maize silage crop when it is within the whole plant dry matter (WPD) range of 30 - 38% (whole plant moisture 62 – 70%). This gives the best possible compromise between grain content, sugar content, stover digestibility and moisture Size: 2MB.

Much research in genetics, physiology, and molecular biology of cereal forages is thus devoted to maize, even if silage of sorghum or immature small-grain cereals and straws of small-grain cereals. Learn to identify, modify, and manipulate the genes controlling key quality traits in field crops!This informative book provides state-of-the-art information on improving nutritional quality as well Improvement of Quality Traits of Maize for Grain and Silage Use book yield volume in field crops such as wheat, maize, rice, barley, oats, lentils, pigeon peas, soybeans, cool season legumes, and crops whose seeds are used to make oils.

Genetic modifiers and breeding strategies in developing hard endosperm opaque-2 materials., In W.G. Pollmer and R.H. Phipps, eds. Improvement of Quality Traits of Maize for Grain and Silage Use, p.

Plan ahead. Ideally, maize silage harvest management starts many weeks before the forage harvester reaches your paddock. It is important to ensure you have a reliable contractor booked, the bunker or stack is ready for the crop, silage making supplies are on hand and there is adequate access from the crop to where it will be stored.

An overview was made of dry matter (DM) and quality losses that occur during the ensiling process from the field through the feeding phase. The aim was to review the relevant published literature of the last 15 yr focusing on developments achieved after the publication of the book Silage Science and review discusses the factors affecting DM and quality Cited by: Corn Traits & Technology.

SmartStax ® provides the most advanced hybrid stack of herbicide tolerance and insect protection traits against European Corn Borer, Black Cutworm and Corn Rootworm. The 5% non-Bt refuge corn is blended in every bag.

Just fill the planter and go for convenient refuge compliance. Selection indices were calculated for simultaneous improvement of relevant forage maize traits. Beside indices based on primary traits [metabolizable energy yield (MEY) and content (MEC), crude protein content (CPC)] determined either in vitro or by near‐infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS), we calculated indices based on secondary (five agronomic) by: 9.

Improvement of Quality Traits of Maize for Grain and Silage Use. A Seminar in the EEC Programme of Coordination of Research on Plant Protein Improvement held at Schwäbisch Hall, Federal Republic of Germany, November 29 - December 1, Pollmer, W.G.

& R.H. Phipps (Editors). Miscellaneous: Improvement of quality traits of maize for grain and silage use pp ref Abstract: The importance of the non-structural carbohydrate composition of forage maize maize Subject Category: Commodities and ProductsCited by: 4.

The planting populations shown in the Pioneer ® brand maize for grain hybrid trait characteristics chart (on page 36) assume good seed establishment conditions.

If you are planting very early or into a less than ideal seedbed or where insect pressure may be high (e.g. shorter than optimum fallow periods), planting populations may need to be increased to compensate for reduced establishment due to the higher risk of early seedling mortality.

We conducted this study to determine the effects of N application on some maize (Zea mays L.) grain quality parameters. In andfive maize cultivars under four N levels (0, 30, 60, and kg ha −1) were evaluated at Zaria (11° 11′ N), northern Nigeria, on a Plinthustalf (fine-loamy isohyperthermic).

Maizex offers a full selection of grain corn hybrids to meet your growing needs. We provide you with only the finest Certified seed to guarantee you clean, pure, high quality seed, and the most advanced genetics available.

Productivity traits for forage grasses include biomass, seasonality of yield, vegetative persistence, influence of flowering time, digestibility and nutritive quality. Traditionally, vegetative biomass yield has been the major breeding objective, but nutritive quality traits (such as content of sugars, proteins, and lipids) have become.

To discuss possible expansion of MasAgro activities to include maize for use as forage and silage, the Center for Research and Advanced Studies of the National Polytechnic Institute in collaboration with MasAgro organized the First National Workshop on Forage Maize during January in Irapuato, Guanajuato, workshop was coordinated by Axel.

Grain maize, Maize for silage, Energy maize. FLEXIBLE, SECURE AND HIGH YIELDS. NORDKAP A. Quality wheat. High yield, high N-efficiency, sowing after wheat. TAIFUN. Bean. Good agronomical traits and high protein digestibility for feeding of monogastric. SUSETTA mid early.

Yield & quality silage Dry matter yield Energy yield Starch yield. Effects of replacing grass silage with maize silages differing in inclusion level and maturity on the performance, meat quality and concentrate-sparing effect of beef cattle - Volume 7 Issue 5 - T.

Keady, A. Gordon, B. MossCited by: Usually either yield or quality results were published, rarely both. In these studies, brown midrib corn produced on average 6% less yield than regular dent corn.

Fiber as measured by ADF and NDF was 3 and 2% lower for brown midrib than regular dent corn. Characteristics of good quality silage From a nutritional viewpoint, maize silage complements pasture well providing a relatively cheap source of energy.

With good management, quality can be very consistent. The targets in Table 2 can be used to identify good quality maize silage (adapted from Mahanna ). Generally, high levels of File Size: KB.

For quality corn silage production, water needs of the crop will equal that of corn grown for grain. That is because of the importance of grain for tonnage and quality. Corn silage that is dependent on rainfall for its water needs is best grown under those regions that receive 26 in or more of annual rainfall.

If grown under irrigation, theFile Size: KB. Goals / Objectives Our overall goal is to determine the physiological and genetic foundation responsible for physiological and compositional characteristics that enhance agronomic performance and quality of maize grain and stover.

We will also develop new tools for measuring economically important traits in maize. For the next five year research cycle we. Abstract. Consideration of secondary traits could improve selection efficiency under stress conditions. This study assesses the value of secondary traits for improving lowland tropical maize (Zea mays L.) for low-N target en experiments grown with no N applied at CIMMYT, México, between and were analyzed for grain yield, anthesis-silking.

Analysis of factorial crosses between flint and dent maize inbreds for forage performance and quality traits, In O. Dolstra and P. Medema (ed.). Breeding of silage maize. 13th Congress of the Maize and Sorghum Section, EUCARPIA, Wageningen, Netherlands. Sept. Intake, live-weight gain and carcass characteristics of beef cattle given diets based on forage maize silage harvested at different stages of maturity - Volume 79 Issue 3 - E.

Browne, D. Juniper, M. Bryant, D. Beever, A. FisherCited by: When seven legumes (forage soya, grain soya, silverleaf desmodium, lablab, cowpea, lupin and velvet bean) were layered with maize for ensilage in pits, the silage was similar in quality to that of the same legumes proportionately mixed with maize in bags, with the exception of silverleaf desmodium, to show no significant difference to that of.

produce lower yields than maize silage crops. Maize hybrids marketed for silage in New Zealand have usually been grain hybrids possessing traits which make them useful for silage, such as high grain o/o and good stay-green (Anon.

However, maize hybrids developed specifically for Yield and quality of cereals grown for silage. Quality-Protein Maize: Report of an Ad Hoc Panel of the Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation Board on Science and Technology for International Development National Research Council, in Cooperation With the Board on Agriculture National Research Co.

Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / proportions of maize grain in a basal ration of silage or fresh pasture. Intake and performance of yearlings and calves fed various combinations of lucerne cobs and maize silage (from Wilkinson et al, ). Data (from Bryant, ) demonstrating the effects of feeding different maize silage:pasture ratios to dairy cows.

OIL, PROTEIN, VITAMINS, AMINO ACIDS 2. Special traits (Quality traits) “The suitability or fitness of an economic plant product in relation to its end use.” A trait that defines some aspect of produce quality is called quality trait Degree of excellence for a specific use or to serve a specific purpose Breeding for Special Traits 3.

Harvesting and chopping operations. Maize forage should be harvested at % DM. The choice of harvesting time is a trade-off between yield, nutritive value and silage quality (Arvalis, ).The ideal harvesting time is when the plant has reached physiological maturity and is.

Physical quality and fermentation characteristics of silages: The results indicated that trench silo had highest sensory score (smell color and structure) followed by bunker and bag silo for each cereal silage (Table 2; Pmaize silage File Size: KB.

The paper describes the sequence of breeding stages that led to the development of acceptable quality protein maize (QPM) germplasm at the Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT).Initial emphasis was on the development of soft opaque-2 (o2) maize varieties, but these had undesirable consumer characteristics, among other by:.

Goals / Objectives Preserve, enhance, and distribute seed of nea accessions; identify plant traits and environments appropriate for use as selection criteria to genetically improve the productivity, stability, and quality of corn, forage, oat, popcorn, and soybean cultivars; develop and modify selection and breeding methods for genetic .THE EFFECTS OF PLANTING TECHNIQUES ON MAIZE GRAIN YIELD AND SILAGE PRODUCTION Tyler D.

Kaufman 64 Pages December This thesis is a comprehensive analysis of the effects of seed orientation, row direction and planting population on grain yield, kernel composition, and silage yield and : Tyler D. Kaufman.Abstract. Forage plants are the basis of ruminant nutrition.

Among cereal forages, maize cropped for silage making is the most widely used. Much research in genetics, physiology, and molecular biology of cereal forages is thus devoted to maize, even if silage of sorghum or immature small-grain cereals and straws of small-grain cereals are also given to : Y.

Barrière, S. Guillaumie, M. Pichon, J.C. Emile.